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Ranganathan S , Ciaccio PJ , Walsh ES , Tew KD
Genomic sequence of human glyoxalase-I: analysis of promoter activity and its regulation
Gene. 1999 Nov 15;240(1) :149-155
PMID: ISI:000083853400015   
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Glyoxalase-I is a glutathione-binding protein involved in the detoxification of methylglyoxal, a by-product of glycolysis. Aberrations in the expression of human glyoxalase in cancer and diabetes have been reported. To gain a better understanding of the glyoxalase-I regulation under normal physiological conditions and in disease processes, we have cloned 12 kb of genomic sequence, comprising five exons, separated by four introns. A fragment comprising 982 bp of 5' flanking region was used in the pSEAP reporter system to identify the minimal promoter and to locate any cis-acting functional elements. This region contained a minimal promoter between -20 and -160 bp. Cells transfected with a construct containing the 5' flanking sequence exhibited a 45-fold higher activity over vector transfected cells. A twofold reproducible increase in reporter activity was seen with insulin and ZnCl2 treatments, indicating a functionally operative insulin response element (IRE) and metal response element (MRE). Knowledge regarding the regulation of glyoxalase-I may provide insights into the importance of this enzyme in human diseases. (C) 1999 Published by Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.
Times Cited: 4 English Article 258RR GENE