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Toby GG , Golemis EA
Using the yeast interaction trap and other two-hybrid-based approaches to study protein-protein interactions
Methods. 2001 Jul;24(3) :201-17
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The detection of physical interaction between two or more molecules of interest can be facilitated if the act of association between the interactive partners leads to the production of a readily observed biological or physical readout. Many interacting molecule pairs (X, Y) can be made to induce such a readout if X and Y are each fused to defined protein elements with desired properties. For example, in the yeast forward two-hybrid system, X is synthesized as a translational fusion to a DNA-binding domain (DBD), Y is synthesized as a fusion to a transcriptional activation domain (AD), and coexpression of DBD-X and AD-Y induces transcription of easily scored responsive reporters. Other approaches use paradigms based on the artificial production of two, hybrid, molecules, but substitute a variety of readouts including the repression of transcription, activation of signal transduction pathways, or reconstitution of a disrupted enzymatic activity. In this article, we summarize a number of two-hybrid-based approaches, and detail the use of the forward yeast two-hybrid system in a screen to identify novel interacting partners for a protein of interest.
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