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Freedman GM , Negendank WG , Hudes GR , Shaer AH , Hanks GE
Preliminary results of a bone marrow magnetic resonance imaging protocol for patients with high-risk prostate cancer
Urology. 1999 Jul;54(1) :118-123
PMID: ISI:000081251100024   
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Objectives. To compare the accuracy of a bone marrow magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) protocol in patients at high risk of metastatic disease with radioisotopic bone scans, the standard method for detection of bony metastases in patients with prostate cancer. Methods. The study group consisted of 19 men with prostate cancer who underwent a bone marrow MRI between November 1993 and February 1996. This protocol images the marrow of the thoracolumbar spine, sacrum, pelvis, and femurs. Indications for MRI included an equivocal bone scan and/or staging of locally advanced or recurrent disease. The findings on MRI and bone scan were compared and the results correlated with the subsequent clinical patient outcome. Results. The bone marrow MRI protocol detected metastatic disease in 1 (7%) of 13 patients with negative bone scans. Four patients had an indeterminate bone scan: 2 had true-positive MRIs, 1 a true- negative MRI, and I a false-positive MRI on the basis of subsequent clinical follow-up. Two patients with positive bone scans had true-positive MRIs. Conclusions. Although not recommended for routine staging, MRI was useful in this study for clarifying an equivocal bone scan. The bone marrow MRI protocol images a high yield volume of the bony skeleton and is fast and economical compared with obtaining many focused MRI scans of these areas separately. These preliminary data suggest that further investigation of its clinical utility for staging locally advanced or recurrent disease is justified. UROLOGY 54:118-125, 1999. (C) 1999, Elsevier Science Inc.
Times Cited: 3 English Article 213BA UROLOGY