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Clapper ML , Adrian RH , Pfeiffer GR , Kido K , Everley L , Cooper HS , Murthy S
Depletion of colonic detoxication enzyme activity in mice with dextran sulphate sodium-induced colitis
Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics. 1999 Mar;13(3) :389-396
PMID: ISI:000079549800015   
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Abstract
Background: The increased risk of colonic malignancies in individuals with ulcerative colitis has prompted a search for early biomarkers of disease progression. Aim: To characterize Phase II detoxication enzyme expression during acute and chronic colitis. The mouse model of dextran sulphate sodium (DSS)-induced colitis represents a relevant system with which to sequentially evaluate the spectrum of biochemical changes associated with colorectal cancer risk. Methods: Acute and chronic colitis were induced in Swiss Webster mice by administering DSS in the drinking water (5%) for 1-4 cycles, Each cycle consisted of 7 days DSS and 14 days of water. The glutathione S-transferase (GST) activity, gamma- glutamylcysteine synthetase (gamma-GCS) activity and glutathione content of the colonic tissues were determined at various time points throughout the experiment. Alterations in GST isozyme expression were confirmed by Western and Northern blot. Results: GST activity was reduced significantly in the colon by the end of Cycle 1 (84% of control values), Specific activities continued to decrease with subsequent cycles of DSS exposure. By the end of Cycle 4, glutathione levels and gamma- GCS activity had reached 29% and 56% of control, respectively. Conclusions: These data suggest that detoxication enzyme depletion is associated with both acute and chronic colitis and may be an important event in the progression of ulcerative colitis to colon cancer.
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Times Cited: 5 English Article 183JE ALIMENT PHARMACOL THERAPEUT