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Cheng JD , Werness BA , Babb JS , Meropol NJ
Paradoxical correlations of cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitors p21waf1/cip1 and p27kip1 in metastatic colorectal carcinoma
Clinical Cancer Research. 1999 May;5(5) :1057-1062
PMID: ISI:000080528300014   
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Abstract
The cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitors (CDIs) p27kip1 and p21waf1/cip1 are key cell cycle-negative regulatory enzymes. The objective of this study was to correlate expression of p27kip1 and p21waf1/cip1 with survival, chemotherapy responsiveness, and expression of the proliferation marker Ki- 67 in patients with advanced colorectal cancer. Immunohistochemistry was performed with antibodies to p27kip1, p21waf1/cip1, and Ki-67 on samples from 66 patients with metastatic colorectal carcinoma. Interpretation was performed by visual inspection and automated image analysis. Patients who obtained a response to chemotherapy had greater p21waf1/cip1 tumor staining with a mean of 10.0 positive cells/high-powered field, compared with 4.5 positive cells/high-powered field for nonresponders (P = 0.03), A positive Spearman correlation was seen between Ki-67 and p27kip1 (r = 0.48; P = 0.0001), as well as between Ki-67 and p21waf1/cip1 (r = 0.48; P = 0.0001), A trend toward shorter survival was seen in patients with positive specimens (median survival of 10 months for patients with both p27kip1- and p21waf1/cip1-positive specimens, compared with 22 months for patients with neither p27kip1- nor p21waf1/cip1-positive specimens). In contrast to that previously reported in normal colonic mucosa or early-stage colorectal cancer, we observed positive correlations of Ki-67 with both p27kip1 and p21waf1/cip1, a trend toward greater CDI staining indicating worse prognosis, and greater p21waf1/cip1 staining in tumors that were chemosensitive. These findings suggest that in the metastatic setting, CDIs may show altered function, compared with their role in the normal cell cycle.
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Times Cited: 9 English Article 200FE CLIN CANCER RES