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Cheng JD , Werness BA , Babb JS , Meropol NJ
Paradoxical correlations of cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitors p21waf1/cip1 and p27kip1 in metastatic colorectal carcinoma
Clinical Cancer Research. 1999 May;5(5) :1057-1062
AbstractThe cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitors (CDIs) p27kip1 and p21waf1/cip1 are key cell cycle-negative regulatory enzymes. The objective of this study was to correlate expression of p27kip1 and p21waf1/cip1 with survival, chemotherapy responsiveness, and expression of the proliferation marker Ki- 67 in patients with advanced colorectal cancer. Immunohistochemistry was performed with antibodies to p27kip1, p21waf1/cip1, and Ki-67 on samples from 66 patients with metastatic colorectal carcinoma. Interpretation was performed by visual inspection and automated image analysis. Patients who obtained a response to chemotherapy had greater p21waf1/cip1 tumor staining with a mean of 10.0 positive cells/high-powered field, compared with 4.5 positive cells/high-powered field for nonresponders (P = 0.03), A positive Spearman correlation was seen between Ki-67 and p27kip1 (r = 0.48; P = 0.0001), as well as between Ki-67 and p21waf1/cip1 (r = 0.48; P = 0.0001), A trend toward shorter survival was seen in patients with positive specimens (median survival of 10 months for patients with both p27kip1- and p21waf1/cip1-positive specimens, compared with 22 months for patients with neither p27kip1- nor p21waf1/cip1-positive specimens). In contrast to that previously reported in normal colonic mucosa or early-stage colorectal cancer, we observed positive correlations of Ki-67 with both p27kip1 and p21waf1/cip1, a trend toward greater CDI staining indicating worse prognosis, and greater p21waf1/cip1 staining in tumors that were chemosensitive. These findings suggest that in the metastatic setting, CDIs may show altered function, compared with their role in the normal cell cycle.
NotesTimes Cited: 9 English Article 200FE CLIN CANCER RES