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Taganov KD , Cuesta I , Daniel R , Cirillo LA , Katz RA , Zaret KS , Skalka AM
Integrase-specific enhancement and suppression of retroviral DNA integration by compacted chromatin structure in vitro
Journal of Virology. 2004 Jun;78(11) :5848-5855
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Abstract
Integration of viral DNA into the host chromosome is an obligatory step in retroviral replication and is dependent on the activity of the viral enzyme integrase. To examine the influence of chromatin structure on retroviral DNA integration in vitro, we used a model target comprising a 13-nucleosome extended array that includes binding sites for specific transcription factors and can be compacted into a higher-ordered structure. We found that the efficiency of in vitro integration catalyzed by human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) integrase was decreased after compaction of this target with histone H1. In contrast, integration by avian sarcoma virus (ASV) integrase was more efficient after compaction by either histone H1 or a high salt concentration, suggesting that the compacted structure enhances this reaction. Furthermore, although site-specific binding of transcription factors HNF3 and GATA4 blocked ASV DNA integration in extended nucleosome arrays, local opening of! H1-compacted chromatin by HNF3 had no detectable effect on integration, underscoring the preference of ASV for compacted chromatin. Our results indicate that chromatin structure affects integration site selection of the HIV-1 and ASV integrases in opposite ways. These distinct properties of integrases may also affect target site selection in vivo, resulting in an important bias against or in favor of integration into actively transcribed host DNA.
Notes
English Article Life Sciences (LS) Skalka, AM; Fox Chase Canc Ctr, Inst Canc Res, 333 Cottman Ave, Philadelphia, PA 19111 USA. 0022-538X