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Lanza-Jacoby S , Miller S , Flynn J , Gallatig K , Daskalakis C , Masferrer JL , Zweifel BS , Sembhi H , Russo IH
The cyclooxygenase-2 inhibitor, celecoxib, prevents the development of mammary tumors in HER-2/neu mice
Cancer Epidemiology Biomarkers & Prevention. 2003 Dec;12(12) :1486-1491
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Evidence is now available showing that cyclooxygenase (COX)-2, which is involved in prostaglandin production, is overexpressed in many types of tumors including breast. Several reports have indicated that HER-2/neu-positive breast tumors are associated with an increased amount of COX-2 protein. In this study, we evaluated the effectiveness of the select COX-1 and COX-2 inhibitors in preventing mammary tumor development in HER-2/neu transgenic mice. At 4 weeks of age, female HER-2/neu mice were fed a #5020 rodent diet supplemented with 900 ppm celecoxib, a COX-2 inhibitor, 64 ppm of SC560, a COX-1 inhibitor, or the unsupplemented #5001 diet (control). The incidence of mammary tumors was significantly lower in the celecoxib-fed mice (71%; P = 0.001 versus control) than in the control mice (95%) or in the SC560-fed mice (91%). Celecoxib-treated mice also developed fewer tumors (1.3 +/- 1.1 SD; P = 0.039 versus control) than the control mice (2.2 +/- 1.2) or the SC560 treated mi! ce (2.3 +/- 1.3). The median time to tumor development was 266 days in the control group versus 291 days in the celecoxib-treated group (P = 0.003 versus control). Lung metastasis was also reduced by treatment with celecoxib. The COX-1 inhibitor SC560 had no protective effect. The protection offered by celecoxib was associated with significantly lower concentrations of prostacyclin and prostaglandin E-2 in mammary tumors and their adjacent mammary glands. Our findings provide additional preclinical evidence to support the clinical studies to investigate the potential effectiveness of COX-2 inhibitors in protecting woman who are at high risk for breast cancer.
English Article Clinical Medicine (CM); Life Sciences (LS) Lanza-Jacoby, S; Jefferson Med Coll, Dept Surg, 1025 Walnut St, Philadelphia, PA 19107 USA. 1055-9965