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Cohen S , Hamrick N
Stable individual differences in physiological response to stressors: implications for stress-elicited changes in immune related health
Brain Behavior and Immunity. 2003 Dec;17(6) :407-414
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Abstract
Stress reactivity refers to a stable individual difference in response to stressors. This article addresses three questions about reactivity: (1) Are cardiovascular, endocrine, and immune responses to acute laboratory stressors stable over time and across stressor tasks? (2) Are cardiovascular, endocrine, and immune reactors the same people? and (3) Are reactive people more vulnerable to stressor-induced effects on susceptibility to infectious disease? We conclude that for many individual indicators, of physiological responsiveness to stressors there is moderate stability over time and across stressor tasks indicating the possible existence of underlying dispositional characteristics; the commonality of immune and cardiovascular and hormonal responses to stress depend on the nature of regulation of the immune response being assessed; reactivity appears to have implications for vulnerability to stressor-associated disease risk (stress-by-reactivity interaction) in the natural! environment, but the exact nature of this vulnerability is not as yet entirely clear. (C) 2003 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Notes
English Review Cohen, S; Carnegie Mellon Univ, Dept Psychol, 5000 Forbes Ave, Pittsburgh, PA 15213 USA. Research Addresses: Carnegie Mellon Univ, Dept Psychol, Pittsburgh, PA 15213 USA. *Fox* *Chase* Canc Ctr, Cheltenham, PA 19012 USA. Cited References: ADLER KA, 2002, BRAIN BEHAV IMMUN, V16, P262 BACHEN EA, 1995, PSYCHOSOM MED, V57, P366 BENSCHOP RJ, 1994, CIRCULATION, V89, P762 BOYCE WT, 1995, PSYCHOSOM MED, V57, P411 BOYCE WT, 1993, J DEV BEHAV PEDIATR, V14, P296 CACIOPPO JT, 1995, PSYCHOSOM MED, V57, P154 CACIOPPO JT, 1994, PSYCHOPHYSIOLOGY, V31, P113 CAUDELL KA, 1995, WESTERN J NURS RES, V17, P672 COHEN S, 2002, PSYCHOSOM MED, V64, P302 COHEN S, 1999, PSYCHOSOM MED, V61, P175 COHEN S, 1995, PSYCHOSOM MED, V57, P423 COHEN S, 2000, ANN BEHAV MED, V22, P1 HAWKLEY LC, 2001, PSYCHOPHYSIOLOGY, V38, P863 HERBERT TB, 1994, PSYCHOSOM MED, V56, P337 KAMARCK TW, 2003, PSYCHOSOM MED, V65, P9 KIRSCHBAUM C, 1995, PSYCHOSOM MED, V57, P468 LLABRE MM, 2001, PSYCHOPHYSIOLOGY, V38, P951 LUNDBERG U, 1980, J PSYCHOSOM RES, V24, P125 LUNDBERG U, 1990, PHARMACOL BIOCHEM BE, V37, P697 MANUCK SB, 1994, INT J BEHAV MED, V1, P4 MANUCK SB, 1991, PSYCHOL SCI, V2, P111 MARSLAND AL, 2002, PSYCHOPHYSIOLOGY, V39, P865 MARSLAND AL, 1995, PSYCHOSOM MED, V57, P295 MILLS PJ, 1993, PSYCHOPHYSIOLOGY, V30, P197 MILLS PJ, 1995, INT J PSYCHOPHYSIOL, V19, P287 MILLS PJ, 1995, BRAIN BEHAV IMMUN, V9, P190 RABIN BS, 1989, CRIT REV IMMUNOL, V9, P279 ZAKOWSKI SG, 1992, HEALTH PSYCHOL, V11, P223 Number of cited references: 28 Number of times cited: 0 Publisher: ACADEMIC PRESS INC ELSEVIER SCIENCE; 525 B ST, STE 1900, SAN DIEGO, CA 92101-4495 USA. 0889-1591