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Tseng M , Yeatts K , Millikan R , Newman B
Area-level characteristics and smoking in women
Am J Public Health. 2001 Nov;91(11) :1847-50
PMID: 11684614 URL: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=PubMed&dopt=Citation&list_uids=11684614
AbstractOBJECTIVES: This study examined whether area-level characteristics are associated with individual smoking behavior among women. METHODS: Analyses included 648 women enrolled as control patients in the Carolina Breast Cancer Study (1993-1996). Smoking and covariate information was obtained from interviews. Area-level characteristics included census block-group education level, poverty, unemployment, car-home ownership, crowding, and, for 431 women, city-level crime rates. RESULTS: In multivariate logistic regression models, no area characteristics were clearly associated with a history of smoking. Among those who had ever smoked, continued smoking was associated with living in low-education areas (odds ratio [OR] = 1.7, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.0, 2.9), high-unemployment areas (OR = 1.7, 95% CI = 1.0, 2.8), and high-crime areas (OR = 1.6, 95% CI = 0.8, 3.2). CONCLUSIONS: The present findings are consistent with a growing literature suggesting that area-level social and economic disadvantage influences individual smoking behavior.
Notes0090-0036 Journal Article