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Taganov K , Daniel R , Katz RA , Favorova O , Skalka AM
Characterization of retrovirus-host DNA junctions in cells deficient in nonhomologous-end joining
J Virol. 2001 Oct;75(19) :9549-52
PMID: 11533219 URL: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=PubMed&dopt=Citation&list_uids=11533219
AbstractFormation of stably integrated proviruses is inefficient in cells that are defective in the cellular nonhomologous end-joining (NHEJ) DNA repair pathway (R. Daniel, R. A. Katz, and A. M. Skalka, Science 284:644-647, 1999; R. Daniel, R. A. Katz, and A. M. Skalka, Mol. Cell. Biol. 21:1164-1172, 2001). However, the requirement for NHEJ function is not absolute, as 10 to 20% of infected NHEJ-deficient cells can express retrovirus- transduced reporter genes in a stable fashion. To learn more about the compensatory mechanism by which viral DNA may be incorporated into the host cell genome, we analyzed the nucleotide sequences of provirus-host DNA junctions in singly infected NHEJ-deficient cell clones. The results showed that the proviral DNA ends in all NHEJ-deficient clones had the normal 5'TG...CA3' sequence. In addition, 14 of the 19 proviruses analyzed were flanked by a 6-bp direct repeat of host sequences, as is characteristic for avian sarcoma virus integration. These results indicate that the DNA repair pathway which compensates for loss of NHEJ in these transductants does not introduce any gross abnormalities at the provirus-host DNA junctions.
Notes0022-538x Journal Article