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Zhang SY , Liu SC , Al-Saleem LF , Holloran D , Babb J , Guo X , Klein-Szanto AJ
E2F-1: a proliferative marker of breast neoplasia
Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev. 2000 Apr;9(4) :395-401
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E2F-1 is the best known ultimate transcription factor in the cyclin/cyclin-dependent kinase/retinoblastoma gene pathway and is probably involved in carcinogenesis and tumor progression. Because E2F-1 can be detected in paraffin sections using immunohistochemical techniques, it could be a useful tumor/proliferation marker. We studied the expression of this gene product in 130 breast tissue specimens from 100 patients and compared it with the expression of Mib-1, the widely used prognostic/proliferative marker, to assess E2F-1 as a new marker of neoplastic proliferation. The percentage of E2F-1-positive cells increased from 1.9% in the normal breast (NB) to 6.3% in ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) and to 15.3% in invasive ductal carcinomas (IDC). In addition, higher-grade tumors as well as advanced-stage disease correlated with higher expression of E2F-1. A similar tendency of Mib-1 expression was observed. There was a positive correlation between the E2F-1 and Mib-1 indices. In an in vitro experiment, we found that a similar difference in the expression of E2F-1 existed between a nontumorigenic breast cell line and two widely used breast carcinoma cell lines. The breast carcinoma cell lines T-47D and MCF-7 had more E2F-1-positive cells than the nontumorigenic cell line MCF-10F by immunohistochemistry and Western blot analysis. Because E2F-1 expression was significantly higher in IDC and DCIS than in NB, this study indicates that deregulation of E2F-1 may be involved in the development of breast IDC. In addition, E2F-1 expression could also be involved in tumor progression because the increased E2F-1 index correlated with the known prognostic predictors of breast cancer, such as histological grade, stage, metastasis status, estrogen receptor/progesterone receptor and Mib-1 expression. Thus, E2F-1 is a promising candidate to become a new prognostic/predictive marker of breast cancer.
20252477 1055-9965 Journal Article