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Saindane AM , Ge Y , Udupa JK , Babb JS , Mannon LJ , Grossman RI
The effect of gadolinium-enhancing lesions on whole brain atrophy in relapsing-remitting MS
Neurology. 2000 Jul 12;55(1) :61-65
PMID: ISI:000088081100013   
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Objective: To determine the relationship between gadolinium- enhancing lesions and changes in whole brain parenchymal volume in patients with relapsing-remitting MS, and to test the hypothesis that gadolinium enhancement is a predictor of whole brain atrophy. Methods: Twenty-four patients with clinically definite MS were imaged over 2 years. A computer-assisted segmentation technique based on high-resolution MRI was used to quantify gadolinium-enhancing T1 lesion volume and brain parenchyma and CSF volumes. Percent brain parenchymal volume (PBV) relative to the total intracranial volume was calculated, and changes in PBV were used to represent the degree of whole brain atrophy over 2 years. Results: PBV at baseline was dependent an duration of MS, and a significant decrease in PBV was observed over the course of the study. Changes in enhanced T1 lesion load failed to correlate with changes in PBV, and multiple regression analyses determined that enhanced T1 lesion load at baseline was not a significant predictor of subsequent change in PBV. Conclusions: MR visible inflammation as demonstrated by enhanced T1 lesions is not a significant factor in the pathogenesis of whole brain atrophy in relapsing- remitting MS, suggesting that a more global pathologic process is responsible for the loss of brain parenchymal volume.
Times Cited: 9 English Article 332NV NEUROLOGY