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Lee J , Miyano T , Dai YF , Wooding P , Yen TJ , Moor RM
Specific regulation of CENP-E and kinetochores during meiosis I/meiosis II transition in pig oocytes
Molecular Reproduction and Development. 2000 May;56(1) :51-62
PMID: ISI:000086217300007   
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Abstract
To understand the mechanisms which regulate meiosis-specific cell cycle and chromosome distribution in mammalian oocytes, the level and the localization of CENP-E and the kinetochore number and direction on a half bivalent were examined during pig oocyte maturation. CENP-E is a kinetochore motor protein whose intracellular level and localization are strictly regulated in the somatic cell cycle. The localizations of CENP- E on meiotic chromosomes from diakinesis stage to anaphase I and at the spindle midzone at telophase I were shown by immunofluorescent confocal microscopy to be similar to those in somatic cells of pig and other species. Further, ultrastructural analysis revealed the presence of CENP-E on fibrous corona and outer plate of kinetochores of the meiotic chromosomes. However, unlike mitosis, CENP-E staining was continuously detected either at the spindle midzone or on the kinetochores of segregated chromosomes during the first polar body emission. Consistent with this, immunoblot analysis revealed that CENP-E level remained high during meiosis l/meiosis II (MI/MII) transition and that some of CENP-E survived through the transition even in cycloheximide-treated oocytes in which cyclin B1 was completely degraded. Furthermore, examinations of CENP-E signals in confocal microscopy and kinetochores in electron microscopy in MI and MH oocytes provide the cytological evidence in mammalian oocytes which suggests that each sister chromatid in a pair has its own kinetochore which localizes side-by-side so that two sister chromatids on a half bivalent are oriented toward and connected to the same pole in M1. (C) 2000 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
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Times Cited: 6 English Article 299UY MOL REPROD DEV