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Fisher J , Scott C , Stevens R , Marconi B , Champion L , Freedman GM , Asrari F , Pilepich MV , Gagnon JD , Wong G
Randomized phase III study comparing Best Supportive Care to Biafine as a prophylactic agent for radiation-induced skin toxicity for women undergoing breast irradiation: Radiation Therapy Oncology Group (RTOG) 97-13
International Journal of Radiation Oncology Biology Physics. 2000 Dec 1;48(5) :1307-1310
PMID: ISI:000165604600005   
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Purpose: To determine if Biafine compared to Best Supportive Care (BSC) is effective in minimizing or preventing radiation- induced dermatitis in women undergoing breast irradiation. Methods and Materials: Patients were randomized between Biafine (n = 83) vs. BSC (n = 89), The institutions identified preference for BSC at the time of randomization. A no-treatment arm was allowed (16% received no treatment). Patients were instructed to apply randomized product three times a day, but not within 4 h of their daily RT session. Application began following their first radiation treatment and continued 2 weeks postradiation. Skin dermatitis was scored weekly utilizing the RTOG and ONS (Oncology Nursing Society) skin toxicity scales, a weekly patient satisfaction and quality-of-life questionnaire. Results: Using the RTOG toxicity scale there was no overall difference for maximum dermatitis during RT between Biafine and BSC (p = 0.77). There,vas no difference in maximum toxicity by arm or breast size. There was an interaction between breast size and toxicity, with large-breasted women exhibiting more toxicity. Large-breasted women receiving Biafine were more likely to have no toxicity 6 weeks post RT. Conclusion: There was no overall difference between BSC and Biafine in the prevention, time to, or duration of radiation-induced dermatitis. (C) 2000 Elsevier Science Inc.
Times Cited: 0 English Article 378VC INT J RADIAT ONCOL BIOL PHYS