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Frolov AE , Godwin AK , Favorova OO
Differential gene expression analysis by DNA microarray technology and its application in molecular oncology
Molecular Biology. 2003 Jul-Aug;37(4) :573-584
AbstractAccumulation of genetic and epigenetic aberrations leads to malignant transformation of normal cells. Functional studies of cancer using genomic and proteomic tools aim to reveal the true complexity of the processes leading to cancer development in humans. Until recently, diagnosis and prognosis of cancer was based on conventional pathologic criteria and epidemiological evidence. Certain tumors were divided only into relatively broad histological and morphological subcategories. Rapidly developing methods of differential gene expression analysis promote the search for clinically relevant genes changing their expression levels during malignant transformation. DNA microarrays offer a unique possibility to rapidly assess the global expression picture of thousands genes in any given time point and compare the results of detailed combinatory analysis of global expression profiles for normal and malignant cells at various functional stages or separate experimental conditions. Acquisition of such "genetic portraits" allows searching for regularity and difference in expression patterns of certain genes, understanding their function and pathological importance, and ultimately developing the "molecular nosology" of cancer. This review describes the basis of DNA microarray technology and methodology, and focuses on their application in molecular classification of tumors, drug sensitivity and resistance studies, and identification of biological markers of cancer.
NotesFrolov, AE,Russian State Med Univ, Dept Mol Biol & Med Biotechnol, Moscow 117437, Russia Review English