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Takahashi N , Li WW , Banerjee D , Scotto KW , Bertino JR
Sequence-dependent enhancement of cytotoxicity produced by ecteinascidin 743 (ET-743) with doxorubicin or paclitaxel in soft tissue sarcoma cells
Clin Cancer Res. 2001 Oct;7(10) :3251-7
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Ecteinascidin 743 (ET-743) is a potent antitumor agent from the Caribbean tunicate Ecteinascidin turbinata and is presently in clinical trials for human cancers. To better understand how ET-743 might be used clinically, the present study used SRB assays to examine the cytotoxicity resulting from combining ET-743 with three other antineoplastic agents: doxorubicin (DXR), trimetrexate, and paclitaxel in different administration schedules in two soft tissue sarcoma cell lines, HT-1080 and HS-18, in vitro. Concurrent exposure of ET-743 with DXR resulted in synergistic interactions in both cell lines. Addition of ET-743 for 24 h before DXR was the most effective cytotoxic regimen against both cell lines. Morphological study by fluorescence microscopy revealed that combination treatment of both cells with ET-743 and DXR induced apoptosis. Exposure to paclitaxel before ET-743 was also an effective regimen. These results encourage studies of the combination of ET-743 and DXR in the treatment of soft tissue sarcoma, because each of these agents have activity in this disease.
21479194 1078-0432 Journal Article