FCCC LOGO Faculty Publications
Zhou T , Evans AA , London WT , Xia X , Zou H , Shen F , Clapper ML
Glutathione S-transferase expression in hepatitis B virus-associated human hepatocellular carcinogenesis
Cancer Res. 1997 Jul 1;57(13) :2749-53
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Abstract
Hepatitis B virus (HBV) and aflatoxin B1 represent the main risk factors for the development of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in areas endemic for liver cancer. The glutathione S-transferases (GSTs) are a family of Phase II detoxification enzymes that catalyze the conjugation of a wide variety of endogenous and exogenous toxins, including aflatoxin B1, with glutathione. This study characterizes the GST isoenzyme composition (alpha, mu, and pi) of both HBV-infected normal hepatic tissues and HCCs. Analysis of matched pairs of hepatic tissue (normal and tumor) from 32 HCC patients indicated that total GST activity was significantly higher in normal tissues than in tumor tissues, although the percentage of samples expressing GST alpha and pi was equivalent. GST mu was detected by Western blot in the normal tissue from 87.5% of the subjects possessing the GST M1 gene but only 28.6% of the corresponding tumor tissues. The GST activity of normal tissue from GST M1 null patients was significantly decreased as compared to that of subjects possessing the GST M1 gene (264.6 and 422.2 nmol/min/mg, respectively; P = 0.005). GST pi appeared to be overexpressed in the normal tissue of GST M1 null patients, a potential compensatory effect. Patients positive for HBV DNA had significantly lower GST activity than those who were HBV negative (302.1 versus 450.0 nmol/min/mg, respectively; P = 0.02). These results suggest that cellular protection within the human liver is compromised by HBV infection and further decreased during hepatocellular tumorigenesis.
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97349082 0008-5472 Journal Article