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Obasaju C , Manola J , Hudes GR , Khandekar JD , Citrin DL , Carbone P , Trump DL
Phase II evaluation of menogaril in advanced prostate cancer: Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group EST P-A885
Am J Clin Oncol. 2001 Apr;24(2) :150-4
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Menogaril is a semisynthetic anthracycline that is less cardiotoxic than doxorubicin in a preclinical model. We conducted a phase II trial to determine the activity of menogaril in hormone-refractory prostate cancer. Between October 1985 and November 1987, 32 eligible patients were enrolled and were divided into good- and poor-risk categories, the latter being defined by prior radiotherapy to less than one third of the marrow-containing skeleton. Good-risk patients received a starting dose of 200 mg/m2 by 60-minute IV infusion, whereas the poor-risk patients received 160 mg/m2. Treatment was repeated every 3 weeks until disease progression. Menogaril caused leukopenia in 90% of patients, of whom 47% had grade III or IV toxicity. Thrombocytopenia was uncommon and mild, with only three patients (9%) experiencing grade II toxicity. Nonhematologic toxicity included mucositis (9%), and mild weight loss in 33% of patients. Nine patients (28%) had stable disease of 3 or more months' duration. There were no objective partial or complete responses. The median time to progression for the entire group was 10 weeks, and the median survival time for all patients was 24 weeks. Because of appreciable toxicity and limited antitumor activity, further study of menogaril cannot be recommended in hormone-refractory prostate cancer.
0277-3732 Clinical Trial Clinical Trial, Phase II Journal Article