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Johnson DE , Hoffman JP
Sphincter preservation in rectal cancer. Surgical considerations for local excision
Semin Radiat Oncol. 1998 Jan;8(1) :39-47
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Abstract
The principles involved in selecting patients for local excision of rectal cancers, as well as the various techniques and principles for local resection, are detailed in this article. The assessment of the current role of this technique awaits further maturation of data from phase II clinical trials. The addition of chemotherapy and radiation therapy may allow treatment of more advanced rectal cancers by these techniques.
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