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Wilkinson Jth , Radjendirane V , Pfeiffer GR , Jaiswal AK , Clapper ML
Disruption of c-Fos leads to increased expression of NAD(P)H:quinone oxidoreductase1 and glutathione S-transferase
Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 1998 Dec 30;253(3) :855-8
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Regulation of the basal and induced expression of detoxifying enzymes such as NAD(P)H:quinone oxidoreductasel (NQO1) and glutathione S-transferase (GST) by the antioxidant response element (ARE) is important for cellular protection against oxidative stress. The ARE contains AP1 and AP1-like elements and is known to bind to several leucine zipper proteins including c-Fos. Previous studies (Venugopal, R., and Jaiswal, A.K. (1996) Proc. NatL Acad. Sci. USA 93, 14960-14965) have shown that overexpression of c-Fos in transfected cells leads to repression of ARE-mediated gene expression. In the present report, we used c-Fos-/- mice and investigated the physiological (in vivo) role of c-Fos in repression of the NQO1 and GST genes expression. The analysis of enzyme activity levels showed significant increases in NQO1 and GST activities in several tissues of c-Fos-/- mice, as compared with wild type (c-Fos+/+) mice. The increases in enzyme activities were supported by Wetern analysis of respective proteins. Western analyses showed significant increases in the expression of NQO1 in kidney, liver and skin tissues of c-Fos-/- mice, as compared with wild type (c-Fos+/+) controls. Western analyses also demonstrated an increased expression of the GST Ya gene in kidney and liver tissues of the c-Fos-/-mice. These results confirm a negative (repressive) role for c-Fos in the expression of NQO1, GST Ya, and other detoxifying enzyme genes.
99119100 0006-291x Journal Article