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Ma J , Pulfer S , Li S , Chu J , Reed K , Gallo JM
Pharmacodynamic-mediated reduction of temozolomide tumor concentrations by the angiogenesis inhibitor TNP-470
Cancer Res. 2001 Jul 15;61(14) :5491-8
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The angiogenic phenotype is associated with increased tumor neovascularization and a state of vascular hyperpermeability to macromolecules. Angiogenesis inhibitors could reverse these processes, resulting in tumor capillaries that have normal membrane permeability. It was proposed that the switch from a hyperpermeable to a normal permeable state could have the untoward effect of decreasing tumor concentrations of anticancer drugs coadministered with angiogenesis inhibitors. The current investigation evaluated a potential drug interaction between the angiogenesis inhibitor O-(N-chloroacetyl-carbamoyl)-fumagillol (TNP-470) and the alkylating agent temozolomide (TMZ), in xenograft models that differentially expressed vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), a driving force for angiogenesis. Nude rats bearing either s.c. low VEGF (V-) or high VEGF (V+) or intracerebral V+ gliomas were administered either a multiple-dose regimen of TNP-470 or vehicle control. One day after the last dose of vehicle or TNP-470, a steady-state dosing regimen of TMZ was administered with subsequent collection and high-performance liquid chromatography analysis of plasma and either tumor homogenate or tumor microdialysis steady-state TMZ concentrations, and in some cases [5-(3-methyltriazen-1-yl)imidazole-4-carboximide] MTIC, its active metabolite. Microvessel density (MVD) was quantitated by image analysis using an anti-CD31 method. Statistical analyses of pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic end points in the control and TNP-470 treatment groups were completed by nonparametric tests. In both the s.c. and intracerebral V+ models, TNP-470 treatment produced significant reductions in TMZ tumor concentrations and tumor:plasma concentration ratios compared with control, being reduced an average of 25% and 50% in the s.c. and intracerebral tumors, respectively. MTIC concentrations in V+ s.c. tumors also were reduced by 50% in the presence of TNP-470. Consistent with the lower extent of neovascularization in the V- tumors, TMZ and MTIC tumor concentrations were not different in TNP-470 and control treatment groups in s.c. tumors. MVD was reduced by TNP-470 compared with vehicle control in the V+ tumors, but was unaltered in V- tumors, attesting to the use of MVD as a pharmacodynamic end point and the effectiveness of TNP-470 as an angiogenesis inhibitor. Angiogenesis inhibitor's pharmacodynamic actions on tumor angiogenesis can produce a reduction in tumor concentrations of coadministered anticancer agents. It is increasingly important to understand the pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic behavior of each class of drug so that optimal dosing regimens can be designed.
0008-5472 Journal Article