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Lewis NL , Scher R , Gallo JM , Engstrom PF , Szarka CE , Litwin S , Adams AL , Kilpatrick D , Brady D , Weiner LM , Meropol NJ
Phase I and pharmacokinetic study of irinotecan in combination with raltitrexed
Cancer Chemotherapy and Pharmacology. 2002 Oct 2002;50(4) :257-265
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Abstract
Purpose: To determine the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) of raltitrexed when given with irinotecan and to evaluate the pharmacokinctics of these two agents when given in combination. Methods: Patients with advanced solid tumors received irinotecan intravenously over 90 min on days I and 8 of each 21-day cycle, with raltitrexed given intravenously over 15 min after irinotecan either on day I (cohorts 1-7) or day 2 (cohorts 8-9). The 39 patients received irinotecan and raltitrexed in cohorts of three to six patients at the following dose levels (mg/m(2)): 100/1.0, 100/1.5, 100/2.0, 100/2.5, 100/3.0, 100/3.5, 125/3.0, 75/3.0, 100/3.0. Pharmacologic monitoring of irinotecan and raltitrexed was carried out during cycle 1. Results: A total of 39 patients received irinotecan and raltitrexed in cohorts of three to six patients at nine dose levels. The MTD with dosing of irinotecan on days I and 8 and raltitrexed on day I was 100 mg/m(2) and 3.0 mg/m(2), respectively, every 21 days, with dose- limiting toxicities (DLTs) of fatigue, neutropenia and diarrhea. When raltitrexed was administered 24 h after irinotecan, these doses exceeded the MTD. No pharmacologic interactions were observed between these agents, and no correlations between pharmacokinetic parameters and toxicity were noted. Of 26 patients with colorectal cancer, 6 had objective partial responses (23%). Four of these patients had previously received a 5-FU-based regimen, two for metastatic disease. Conclusions: Irinotecan can be safely administered with raltitrexed on a day-l and day- 8 schedule at 100 mg/m(2) and 3.0 mg/m(2), respectively, every 21 days. When raltitrexed was given on day 2, these doses were not tolerated, necessitating a dose reduction of the irinotecan to 75 mg/m(2). This regimen possesses clinical activity in patients with colorectal cancer.
Notes
Lewis, NL,Fox Chase Canc Ctr, Div Med Sci, 7701 Burholme Ave, Philadelphia, PA 19111 USA Article English