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Clapper ML , Hoffman SJ , Tew KD
Glutathione S-Transferases in Normal and Malignant Human Colon Tissue
Biochimica Et Biophysica Acta. 1991 Apr 15;1096(3) :209-216
PMID: ISI:A1991FK55300005   
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This study focuses on the GST composition of a tissue intrinsically resistant to chemotherapy, the human colon. GSTs were purified from matched pairs of colon tissue (normal and tumor) using glutathione affinity chromatography. The mean GST activity of colon tumors was 1.5-fold higher than that of normal tissue, with tumors of the sigmoid colon showing the greatest increase (2.3-fold). Two-dimensional gel electrophoresis and Western blot analysis of purified enzymes demonstrated the presence of all three GST classes (alpha, mu and pi) in colon, with GST pi being both the predominant isozyme in normal and malignant tissues. The level of alpha- class subunits was the same in normal and tumor tissues, while the mu-class subunits were decreased in tumors. A protein copurifying with GSTs from both normal and tumor tissue did not crossreact with GST antibodies, but instead reacted with a polyclonal antibody to glyoxylase I. This enzyme existed as a dimer in its native state. Upon boiling, monomeric subunits were produced with a molecular mass of 22.6 kDa and an isoelectric point more acidic than GST-pi. Increased amounts of glyoxylase I were also found in tumor vs. normal colon. The apparent elevated levels of these glutathione-associated detoxifying enzymes in colon tumors may contribute to their intrinsic drug resistance.