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Sell C , Chang CD , Koniecki J , Chen HM , Baserga R
A Cryptopromoter Is Activated in the Proliferating Cell Nuclear Antigen Gene of Growth Arrested Cells
Journal of Cellular Physiology. 1992 Jul;152(1) :177-184
PMID: ISI:A1992JC60900021   
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We have examined the regulation of the proliferating cell nuclear antigen gene (PCNA) in a hamster fibroblast cell line (tk-ts1 3) which is temperature sensitive for growth. These tk- ts1 3 cells, at the restrictive temperature, are growth arrested in the G1 phase of the cell cycle. The cells were stably transfected with a full length human PCNA gene, and the resulting cell lines (K525 cells) were analyzed. We find that, in growth arrested K525 cells, a cryptopromoter is activated in the transfected human PCNA gene. The cryptopromoter resides in intron 4 which is necessary for proper regulation of the PCNA gene. Removal of this intron leads to increased expression of PCNA in cells which have entered the G0 state. An Alu sequence residing in intron 4 is implicated as the promoter element which is active during growth arrest.
English Article JC609 J CELL PHYSIOL