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Rosenthal SA , Yeung RS , Weese JL , Eisenberg BL , Hoffman JP , Coia LR , Hanks GE
Conservative Management of Extensive Low-Lying Rectal Carcinomas with Transanal Local Excision and Combined Preoperative and Postoperative Radiation-Therapy - a Report of a Phase I-Ii Trial
Cancer. 1992 Jan 15;69(2) :335-341
PMID: ISI:A1992GY83700009   
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Between 1986 and 1990, 16 patients were enrolled in a prospective Phase I/II study of transanal local excision and combined preoperative and postoperative radiation therapy (RT). All patients had biopsy-proven adenocarcinoma extending to within 6 cm of the anal verge and involvement of at least one third of the rectal circumference with tumor. Five of 16 patients (32%) had T3 tumors, and only two patients had T1 tumors. Patients received a single 500 cGy fraction of RT to the pelvis within 24 hours before surgery and underwent transanal excision followed by postoperative RT (median dose, 5040 cGy). With a median follow-up of 33 months, overall 3- year actuarial survival was 94%. Two patients had isolated local recurrences (both successfully salvaged), and four had distant metastases but maintained local control. The 3-year actuarial rates of continuous freedom from any relapse, continuous local control, and no evidence of disease at last follow-up were 53%, 80%, and 71%, respectively. Only three of 16 patients required colostomy, resulting in a 3-year actuarial colostomy-free rate of 77%. There was a trend toward a higher rate of relapse (P = 0.066) in patients with T3 tumors than those with T1 and T2 tumors. Sphincter-preserving therapy for low-lying rectal carcinomas using local excision and combined preoperative and postoperative RT is feasible, although improved local and adjuvant therapy is needed for patients with T3 lesions.
English Article GY837 CANCER