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Rose IA , Warms JVB , Kuo DJ
Proton-Transfer in Catalysis by Fumarase
Biochemistry. 1992 Oct 20;31(41) :9993-9999
PMID: ISI:A1992JU51100019   
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Using 3T[C-14]malate it was possible to show intermolecular T- transfer to unlabeled fumarate. The rate of dissociation of ET derived from the malate was not rapid, only about as fast as required for k(cat)M. Because of the slow dissociation of ET derived from T-malate, the awkward complex ET.malate is readily formed. As shown by the effect of added malate on the partition of ET, otherwise captured by fumarate, ET-malate must be functional. Its rate of dissociation to E.M determines the V/K(m) value of malate. Hydrogen dissociation of the complex ET.F was linearly related to the concentration and basicity of the buffer provided, varying from <10% to >60% of the overall rate with alkyl phosphonates. Partition of EH.F to free malate or fumarate occurs in a ratio approximately 2:1 at both low and high buffer. This agrees well with the comparison of the equilibrium exchange rates: malate with [O-18]water to malate with [C-14]-fumarate [Hansen, J. N., Dinovo, E. C., & Boyer, P. D. (1969) J. Biol. Chem. 244,6270-6279]. Therefore, the abstracted hydroxyl group is fully exchanged from the enzyme when the bound hydrogen and fumarate return to malate and must be much more accessible to the medium than the abstracted proton. The fact that buffer increases the rate of proton transfer to the medium in the central complex makes it appear that a proton relay connects the active site donor with a remote site that interfaces with the ultimate proton source, water.
English Article JU511 BIOCHEMISTRY-USA