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Rodriguezalfageme C , Stanbridge EJ , Astrin SM
Suppression of Deregulated C-Myc Expression in Human Colon- Carcinoma Cells by Chromosome-5 Transfer
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. 1992 Feb 15;89(4) :1482-1486
PMID: ISI:A1992HE60600070   
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Two-thirds of sporadic colon carcinomas express elevated levels of the c-MYC protooncogene. In addition, most colon carcinoma cell lines show constitutive elevated expression (10- to 40- fold over normal) of MYC RNA and protein that is not modulated in response to a mitogenic stimulus. Indirect immunofluorescence has been used to detect c-MYC protein in such cell lines, in hybrid cells resulting from fusions of such lines with cells that regulate MYC normally, and in carcinoma cells to which a normal copy of chromosome 5 has been transferred by microcell fusion. The deregulated expression of c-MYC is suppressed by fusion with a cell that regulates MYC normally. In addition, transfer of chromosome 5 by microcell fusion results in suppression of deregulated expression. Suppressed cells are no longer tumorigenic in nude mice. Loss of the transferred chromosome results in reexpression of the tumorigenic phenotype and in constitutive elevated expression of MYC. These data indicate that function of a tumor-suppressor gene on chromosome 5 is necessary for the regulated expression of MYC in at least some colon cells. Loss of this suppressor results in deregulated MYC expression and is a necessary, but most likely not sufficient, event for the expression of the tumorigenic phenotype in a subset of colon carcinomas.
English Article HE606 PROC NAT ACAD SCI USA