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Odwyer PJ , Langer CJ , Walczak J , Levy MH , Padavicshaller K , Hudes GR , Litwin S , Comis RL
Phase-Ii Study of Weekly 5-Fluorouracil, Cisplatin and Vinblastine in Advanced Non-Small-Cell Lung-Cancer
European Journal of Cancer. 1991 Dec;27(12) :1589-1593
PMID: ISI:A1991GY58700014   
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Abstract
The scheduling of chemotherapeutic agents may be important in optimising their antitumour actions. This has been explored in non-Hodgkin lymphoma, osteogenic sarcoma and bladder cancer with improved results using intensive, weekly dosing schemas. We began a phase II study of cisplatin, 5-fluorouracil and vinblastine in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) on a weekly schedule. 38 patients with advanced or metastatic NSCLC were entered; 32 are evaluable for response. 11 patients were treated with 5-fluorouracil 1.5 g/m2 and vinblastine 4 mg/m2 by 24-h continuous infusion, and cisplatin 30 mg/m2 over 30 min, 6-8 h after the start of the infusion. Because of prohibitive myelotoxicity, the next 27 patients received 5-fluorouracil 1.2 g/m2 and vinblastine 3 mg/m2. None had had prior chemotherapy while 6 had had previous radiation therapy. Myelosuppression was the predominant toxic effect. Other side-effects included neuropathy, diarrhoea, mucositis, nausea and vomiting. 32 patients are evaluable for response: there have been 14 partial remissions (44%). Responses have occurred chiefly in lung and lymph nodes. The median survival on this study is 7 months, and responders did not live longer than non-responders. While this regimen is well tolerated by the majority of patients and has a response rate comparable to other active regimens identified in single institution studies, survival does not appear to be enhanced. We conclude that the schedule manipulation described here does not enhance the therapeutic index of these drugs in NSCLC.
Notes
English Article GY587 EUR J CANCER