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Greven KM , Spera JA , Solin LJ , Morgan T , Hanks GE
Local Recurrence after Cystectomy Alone for Bladder-Carcinoma
Cancer. 1992 Jun 1;69(11) :2767-2770
PMID: ISI:A1992HV17700022   
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Although the role of preoperative irradiation in the treatment of bladder carcinoma is questioned, patterns of failure after cystectomy alone are not well documented. Local failure patterns were analyzed retrospectively in 83 patients (67 men and 16 women) treated with cystectomy without adjuvant therapy at three institutions. The follow-up period ranged from 0 to 167 months. Disease was assessed preoperatively by clinical stage and postoperatively by pathologic stage. Thirteen patients had pelvic recurrences, a 5-year actuarial failure rate of 18%. Pathologic stage was the only significant predictor of local recurrence, which ranged from 6% in patients with pT2 tumors to 51% in patients with pT3b tumors. The median time to local recurrence was 9 months (range, 3 to 62 months). Clearer documentation of failure patterns will provide a basis for evaluating survival with combined treatment methods, including preoperative radiation therapy, surgery, and chemotherapy.
English Article HV177 CANCER