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Graham MV , Geitz LM , Byhardt R , Asbell S , Roach M , Urtasun RC , Curran WJ , Lattin P , Russell AH , Cox JD
Comparison of Prognostic Factors and Survival among Black Patients and White Patients Treated with Irradiation for Non- Small-Cell Lung-Cancer
Journal of the National Cancer Institute. 1992 Nov 18;84(22) :1731-1735
PMID: ISI:A1992JY17700014   
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Background: Many studies have reported differences in cancer incidence and survival between populations of Blacks and Whites. A 45% higher death rate from lung cancer for Black men and a survival duration for Black patients with lung cancer that is generally shorter than that for White patients have also been reported. Purpose: The purpose of this study was to evaluate whether race affects known prognostic factors for non- small-cell lung cancer in Black versus White patients. This analysis attempts to determine which prognostic factors may contribute to the reported differences in disease outcome. Methods: We used data from 1565 patients with non-small-cell lung cancer treated in four randomized prospective trials conducted by the Radiation Therapy Oncology Group (RTOG). The data were pooled for a retrospective analysis of survival and prognostic factors by race. Results: Univariate analysis showed significant differences between Blacks and Whites with regard to sex, weight loss, histology, and RTOG T stage (P<.05), but the only clinically significant difference (P less-than-or- equal-to .01) was weight loss. Despite 'these findings, overall survival for Blacks and Whites did not differ significantly (P = .67). Median survival for Blacks and Whites with a Karnofsky performance status (KPS) of 90 or more was 12.1 and 11.3 months, respectively (P = .45). Survival for Blacks and Whites with a KPS of less than 90 was 7.8 and 6.8 months, respectively. Cause of death did not differ between the two races. For both races. KPS, age, sex, weight loss, and RTOG T and N stages were significant prognostic factors for survival (P<.01), but race was not a significant prognostic factor. Conclusion: Further studies of the differential in cancer survival for Blacks and Whites may be indicated, but greater impact may be achieved by addressing socioeconomic factors, lifestyle and occupational risk factors, health education, and access to adequate health care.
English Article JY177 J NAT CANCER INST