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Glanz K , Resch N , Lerman C , Blake A , Gorchov PM , Rimer BK
Factors Associated with Adherence to Breast-Cancer Screening among Working Women
Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine. 1992 Nov;34(11) :1071-1078
AbstractThis study identified sociodemographic, knowledge, attitude, and social influence correlates of obtaining mammograms among employed women age 40 and over. Telephone interviews were conducted with 798 women who worked at 39 different work sites. Eighty-four percent of respondents had ever had a mammogram, and 72% had had one at the recommended interval for their age group. The only personal characteristic that was associated with past mammography use was having a co-worker, friend, or relative with a history of breast cancer. Logistic regression analyses indicated that a doctor's advice to have a mammogram, knowledge of screening guidelines, knowing someone with breast cancer, and the beliefs that mammography is effective and that mammography is necessary in the absence of symptoms were associated independently with past use of mammography. Three factors contributed independently to explaining adherence to mammography guidelines: younger age, knowledge of guidelines for one's own age group, and the belief that breast cancer is curable. The findings suggest that emphasizing the recommended guidelines, the need for and benefits of mammography in educational programs, and offering low-cost or free mammography at the workplace, can further increase appropriate utilization among working women.
NotesEnglish Article JX312 J OCCUP ENVIRON MED