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Czub S , Duray PH , Thomas RE , Schwan TG
Cystitis Induced by Infection with the Lyme-Disease Spirochete, Borrelia-Burgdorferi, in Mice
American Journal of Pathology. 1992 Nov;141(5) :1173-1179
PMID: ISI:A1992JX30600017   
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Previous studies have demonstrated that the urinary bladder is a consistent source for isolating the Lyme disease spirochete, Borrelia burgdorferi, from both experimentally infected and naturally exposed rodents. We examined histopathologic changes in the urinary bladder of different types of rodents experimentally infected with Lyme spirochetes, including BALB/c mice (Mus musculus), nude mice (M. musculus), white-footed mice (Peromyscus leucopus), and grasshopper mice (Onychomys leucogaster). Animals were inoculated intraperitoneally, subcutaneously, or intranasally with low-passaged spirochetes, high-passaged spirochetes, or phosphate-buffered saline. At various times after inoculation, animals were killed and approximately one-half of each urinary bladder and kidney were cultured separately in BSK-II medium while the other half of each organ was prepared for histologic examination. Spirochetes were cultured from the urinary bladder of all 35 mice inoculated with low-passaged spirochetes while we were unable to isolate spirochetes from any kidneys of the same mice. The pathologic changes observed most frequently in the urinary bladder of the infected mice were the presence of lymphoid aggregates, vascular changes, including an increase in the number of vessels and thickening of the vessel walls, and perivascular infiltrates. Our results demonstrate that nearly all individuals (93%) of the four types of mice examined had a cystitis associated with spirochetal infection.
English Article JX306 AMER J PATHOL