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Xiang J , Moyana T , Kalra J , Hamilton T , Qi YM
Construction and Characterization of a High-Affinity Chimeric Anticolorectal Carcinoma Antibody Ccm4
Molecular Biotherapy. 1992 Dec;4(4) :174-183
AbstractWe have produced a high-affinity chimeric anti-colorectal carcinoma antibody, ccM4, chimerized in both heavy and light chains by the construction of two expression vectors, the chimeric heavy-chain expression vector mpSV2neo-EP1-Vm4Cr1 and chimeric light-chain vector mpSV2gpt-EP1-V(K)C(K). These vectors contained the neo or gpt gene as a selection marker, the murine immunoglobulin promoter and enhancer (EP1), the genomic DNA fragments of human immunoglobulin constant region (C(K) and C(gamma1)), and murine cDNA fragments of V(H) and V(K) region amplified and cloned directly from the B72.3 hybridoma RNA by the polymer chain reaction technique. These two vector DNAs were sequentially transfected into the SP2/0Ag14 cell line. Transfectants were selected in media containing both G418 and mycophenolic acid. The ccM4 antibody was purified from transfectant supernatants with positive binding reactivity for the TAG72 antigen on a protein A column. We demonstrated that ccM4 antibody retained the same high binding reactivity for the TAG72 antigen as its counterpart, the high-affinity chimeric heavy-chain cB72.3m4 antibody. The ccM4 antibody bound specifically to human colon cancer cells, displayed biodistribution patterns similar to cB72.3m4 antibody, and mediated effective antibody-dependent cellular cytotoxicity to human OVCAR3 tumor cells. Therefore, the high- affinity chimeric ccM4 antibody should be useful in cancer immunotherapy.
NotesTimes Cited: 24 English Article KD074 MOL BIOTHER