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Schilder RJ , Lacreta FP , Perez RP , Johnson SW , Brennan JM , Rogatko A , Nash S , McAleer C , Hamilton TC , Roby D , Young RC , Ozols RF , Odwyer PJ
Phase-I and Pharmacokinetic Study of Ormaplatin (Tetraplatin, Nsc-363812) Administered on a Day-1 and Day-8 Schedule
Cancer Research. 1994 Feb 1;54(3) :709-717
PMID: ISI:A1994MU67700021   
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Abstract
Ormaplatin (tetraplatin, NSC 363812) is a platinum(IV) analogue that is active against cisplatin-resistant cell lines in preclinical models. A schedule previously shown to be active and well tolerated for cisplatin was evaluated in 26 patients. Ormaplatin was administered over a dose range of 4.4-60.8 mg/m2 i.v. given over 30 min on a day 1 and day 8 schedule every 28 days. Twenty-three patients had received prior chemotherapy, and the median performance status was 1. Nausea/vomiting (greater-than-or-equal-to grade 2) occurred in 40% of patients but was well controlled with standard antiemetic therapy. One patient had grade 2 renal toxicity and 1 patient had grade 3 hepatotoxicity (grade 2 pretreatment). No toxicity limited the dose given during the first course. With repeated drug administration delayed severe neurotoxicity developed in 4 patients, manifested as a. sensory polyneuropathy in 3 patients and a possible autonomic neuropathy in one. Prospective nerve conduction studies did not detect subclinical neuropathy prior to the onset of symptoms. Patients who received cumulative doses above 200 mg/m2 were at increased risk for developing neurotoxicity. Plasma elimination of ultrafilterable platinum (measured by atomic absorption spectrometry) was biphasic with a harmonic mean terminal half-life of 15.8 h. The mean total body clearance and renal clearance of ultrafilterable platinum were 173 and 29.8 ml/min/m2, respectively. Thus, renal clearance accounted for 16% of total clearance suggesting that extensive protein/tissue binding was responsible for the majority of platinum clearance. Approximately 60% of the platinum is protein bound (one-half irreversibly) at the end of the infusion. Pharmacokinetic parameters were not dose dependent. No pharmacokinetic parameters were more predictive of neurotoxicity than the cumulative ormaplatin dose. A phase II dose cannot be recommended on this schedule because severe and unpredictable neurotoxicity precludes the administration of more than three cycles at the three highest doses levels tested.
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English Article MU677 CANCER RES