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Kleinszanto AJP , Silvers WK , Mintz B
Ultraviolet Radiation-Induced Malignant Skin Melanoma in Melanoma-Susceptible Transgenic Mice
Cancer Research. 1994 Sep 1;54(17) :4569-4572
AbstractA new mouse model of W radiation-induced melanoma is described. Unlike previous models, melanoma induction requires only short- term irradiation, does not require the application of chemical carcinogens, and does not cause any other tumors. The model takes advantage of the fact that Tyr-SV40E (C57BL/6 strain) transgenic mice are all melanoma-susceptible, and that different inbred lines are susceptible to different extents. Four-day-old mice of a moderately susceptible line (line 9 transgenic homozygotes) were exposed for 20 min/day to 328 mJ/cm(2) to UVB (280-320 nm wavelength, comprising 70% of the total irradiance) for up to 4 consecutive days. Melanocytic lesions resembling macules, nevi, or early melanomas gradually appeared in the irradiated mice that were not seen in unirradiated transgenic controls of similar age. To afford ongoing observation beyond the short life span of line 9 homozygous mice, skin samples containing a total of 26 selected lesions were grafted at 20 weeks after UV radiation to longer- lived unirradiated hosts of transgenic line 12, in which melanoma susceptibility is low. Ten lesions in the grafts became melanomas; all melanomas had ulcerated and two had metastasized. At the stages examined, all the tumors were deeply melanotic. The remaining 16 lesions were still indolent when the experiment was terminated at 57 weeks post-UV radiation. The present protocol lends itself to variations in the choice of transgenic line, the age of the treated mice, and the intensity and duration of ultraviolet light; appropriate combinations of these variables would be expected to yield melanomas in relatively long-lived transgenic mice without skin grafting. The new model provides an opportunity to determine the melanoma action spectrum, to characterize at the molecular level the melanomas induced by ultraviolet light in comparison with those of other origins, and to investigate in vivo the photoprotective role of melanin.
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