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Chien CH , Wang FF , Hamilton TC
Transcriptional Activation of C-Myc Protooncogene by Estrogen in Human Ovarian-Cancer Cells
Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology. 1994 Feb;99(1) :11-19
PMID: ISI:A1994NB27900003   
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NIH:OVCAR-3 is a human ovarian cancer cell line that expresses a moderate amount of estrogen receptors, 28 fmol/mg protein. We have found that estrogen at a concentration of 10(-7) M induced a 2.3-fold increase in the growth of NIH:OVCAR-3 cells after 48 h stimulation. A 4-fold increase in c-myc mRNA expression at 30 min and a 7.5-fold increase at 50 min post-induction with estradiol were observed. Nuclear run-on analysis indicated that c-myc transcripts increased 4-fold within 10 min of estrogen addition. The half-life of c-myc mRNA was 64 min +/- 5 min and was not affected by estrogen. Antisense oligonucleotide to c- myc specifically inhibited the estrogen stimulated c-myc protein expression as well as the growth of NIH:OVCAR-3 cells. A control ovarian cancer cell line OC-3-VGH that had few estrogen receptors (1 fmol/mg protein) did not respond to estrogen in growth; however, these cells respond to estrogen with a 1.5-fold increase in c-myc mRNA. The stability of c-myc mRNA of these cells was not affected by estrogen. Our results indicate that transcriptional induction of c-myc expression by estrogen plays a critical role in the proliferation of NIH:OVCAR-3 cells.