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Wahab I , Barnabas N , Calaf G , Russo J
Genome Scanning Using Endogenous Ltr-Like Elements for Rapid DNA-Fingerprinting of Breast-Cancer and Transformed Human Breast Epithelial-Cells
International Journal of Oncology. 1995 Jul;7(1) :25-31
AbstractIn the present work genomic DNAs from nine primary breast cancers and transformed human breast epithelial cell lines obtained by treatment of MCF 10F, a spontaneously immortalized human breast epithelial cell line, with benzo(a)pyrene (BP) or 7,12 dimethyl benz(a)anthracene (DMBA), were used for genomic scanning. The treatment of MCF 10F with BP gave rise to different clones designated BP1 and BP1E, the latter being a tumorigenic cell line. Treatment with DMBA gave rise to D3 and D3-1 clones. The clones D3-1 and BP1 have been transfected with the plasmid pH06T1 containing the mutated c-Ha-ras oncogene resulting in the D3-1Tras and BP1T-ras cell lines, that are highly tumorigenic in SCID mice. Genomic DNA are separately hybridized to two different probes representing different families of human endogenous retrovirus like sequences (RTLV-H and HERV-K LTR). The technique of genomic scanning allows the mapping of each tumor or cell line and comparison with its counterpart obtained from the adjacent normal tissue of the same patient or with the untreated MCF 10F cells. DNA changes such as deletions, amplifications and/or rearrangements were detected in 5 of the tumor pairs studied. We have identified genomic alterations that involved amplification of a 10 kb band in the transformed cell lines. The cell lines D3-1Tras and BP1T-ras show, in addition, the presence of a second band of 4.5 kb in size. A third band of 500 bp size was found in clones D3-1 and BP1E that have a more aggressive behavior in vitro than their precursors D3 and BP1 cells respectively. In conclusion the present report indicates that genomic scanning detects DNA aberrations in primary primary tumors and in human breast epithelial cells transformed with chemical carcinogens and/or oncogene transfection that are not present in their normal counterpart. These results further indicate that detection of endogenous retrovirus elements may help in genome mapping and can be a useful tool for detecting genomic changes in the preliminary screening of DNA extracted from primary breast cancer and transformed cells.
NotesTimes Cited: 0 Article RD557 INT J ONCOL