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Szarka CE , Pfeiffer GR , Hum ST , Everley LC , Balshem AM , Moore DF , Litwin S , Goosenberg EB , Frucht H , Engstrom PF , Clapper ML
Glutathione-S-Transferase Activity and Glutathione-S- Transferase Mu-Expression in Subjects with Risk for Colorectal- Cancer
Cancer Research. 1995 Jul 1;55(13) :2789-2793
AbstractThe glutathione S-transferases (alpha, mu, and pi), a family of Phase II detoxication enzymes, play a critical role in protecting the colon mucosa by catalyzing the conjugation of dietary carcinogens with glutathione, We investigated the efficacy of using the glutathione S-transferase (GST) activity of blood lymphocytes and GST-mu expression as biomarkers of risk for colorectal cancer, GST activity was measured in the blood lymphocytes of control individuals (n = 67) and in the blood lymphocytes (n = 60) and colon tissue (n = 34) of individuals at increased risk for colon cancer, Total GST activity was determined spectrophotometrically with the use of 1-chloro-2,4-dinitrobenzene as a substrate, The ability to express the mu subclass of GST was determined with the use of an ELISA, Although interindividual variability in the GST activity of blood lymphocytes was greater than 8-fold (range, 16.7-146.8 nmol/min/mg), the GST activity of blood lymphocytes and colon tissue within an individual was constant over time and was unrelated to sex, age, or race, The GST activity of blood lymphocytes from high-risk individuals was significantly lower than that of blood lymphocytes from control individuals (P less than or equal to 0.004), No association was observed between the frequency of GST-mu phenotype and risk for colorectal cancer, Blood lymphocytes from high-risk individuals unable to express GST-mu had lower levels of GST activity than did those from control subjects with the GST-mu null phenotype; however, this difference was significant in male subjects only (P less than or equal to 0.006), Analysis of paired samples of blood lymphocytes and colon tissue indicated a strong correlation between the GST activity of the two tissue types (Spearman's rank correlation, r = 0.87; P less than or equal to 0.0001), The GST activity of blood lymphocytes may be used to identify high-risk individuals with decreased protection from this Phase II detoxication enzyme who may benefit from clinical trials evaluating GST modulators as chemopreventive agents for colorectal cancer, The GST activity of blood lymphocytes may also be used in colorectal cancer chemoprevention trials to monitor the responsiveness of colon tissue to regimens that modify Phase II detoxication enzymes.
NotesTimes Cited: 46 Article RF496 CANCER RES