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Acculturative Stress and Depressive Symptoms Among Chinese Immigrants: the Role of Gender and Social Support
J Racial Ethn Health Disparities. 2020 Sep 30
PMID: 33000431 URL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/33000431
AbstractThe USA has among the largest immigrant population of any country in the world, and over the past few decades, the proportion of Chinese immigrants in the USA has increased significantly. Immigrants may experience substantial acculturative stress as they learn to navigate their new environment, and this stress can contribute to depressive symptoms and poor mental health. Social support can help mitigate the effects of stress on depressive symptoms, but the protective effects of social support have been reported to differ between men and women. Thus, the present study examined associations of acculturative stress and depressive symptoms among Chinese immigrants and explored whether the effects of social support on depressive symptoms varied by gender. Participants included 620 foreign-born Chinese men and women who completed questionnaires on acculturative stress, social support, and depressive symptoms. In nested regression analyses, acculturative stress was positively associated with depressive symptoms among both men and women. However, the interaction of social support and acculturative stress on depressive symptoms was statistically significant among men (β = - 0.89, p < 0.001), but not women (β = - 0.43, p = 0.21). These findings suggest that social support moderates the association of acculturative stress with depressive symptoms, but only among Chinese immigrant men. Future research should explore factors that can enhance resilience and mitigate acculturative stress effects on psychological well-being among Chinese immigrant women.
Notes2196-8837 Fang, Carolyn Y Orcid: 0000-0002-0575-3867 Handorf, Elizabeth A Rao, Ajay D Siu, Philip T Tseng, Marilyn R01 DK104176/DK/NIDDK NIH HHS/United States P30 CA006927/CA/NCI NIH HHS/United States Journal Article Switzerland J Racial Ethn Health Disparities. 2020 Sep 30. doi: 10.1007/s40615-020-00869-6.