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Almeida R , Fang CY , Byrne C , Tseng M
Mammographic Breast Density and Acculturation: Longitudinal Analysis in Chinese Immigrants
J Immigr Minor Health. 2020 Oct 10
PMID: 33040215 PMCID: PMC8035345 URL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/33040215
AbstractBreast cancer is the most common cancer in women. Asian American women have experienced steadily increasing breast cancer incidence rates over the past several decades. The increased rate might be in part due to acculturation. We tested the hypothesis that higher level of acculturation was associated with higher mammographic breast density (MBD), an indicator of breast cancer risk, in a cohort of 425 premenopausal Chinese immigrant women in Philadelphia. Generalized estimating equations accounted for repeated observations and adjusted for age, type of mammographic image, body mass index, months of breastfeeding, number of live births, age at first birth, and menopausal stage (pre, early peri, late peri, post). Results indicated that acculturation level was not associated with any of the MBD measures. Findings were contrary to our hypothesis and previous, cross-sectional studies. In this study population, reproductive factors had a greater effect on MBD than acculturation-related behaviors in adulthood.
Notes1557-1920 Almeida, Rebeca Orcid: 0000-0003-4275-4081 Fang, Carolyn Y Byrne, Celia Tseng, Marilyn Orcid: 0000-0002-9969-9055 HRD-1826490/National Science Foundation/ R01 CA106606/CA/NCI NIH HHS/United States Journal Article United States J Immigr Minor Health. 2020 Oct 10. doi: 10.1007/s10903-020-01107-1.