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Dai S , Liu F , Qin Z , Zhang J , Chen J , Ding WX , Feng D , Ji Y , Qin X
Kupffer cells promote T-cell hepatitis by producing CXCL10 and limiting liver sinusoidal endothelial cell permeability
Theranostics. 2020 ;10(16) :7163-7177
PMID: 32641985 PMCID: PMC7330839 URL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/32641985
AbstractRationale: Kupffer cells (KCs) play a crucial role in liver immune homeostasis through interacting with other immune cells and liver sinusoidal endothelial cells (LSECs). However, how KCs exactly interact with these cells for maintaining the homeostasis still require the further investigation. CXCL10 is a chemokine that has been implicated in chemoattraction of monocytes, T cells, NK cells, and dendritic cells, and promotion of T cell adhesion to endothelial cells. Although CXCL10 is also known to participate in the pathogenesis of hepatic inflammation, the degree to which it is functionally involved in the crosstalk between immune cells and regulation of immune response is still unclear. Methods: To dynamically investigate the function of KCs, we used our recently developed rapid cell ablation model, intermedilysin (ILY)/human CD59 (hCD59)-mediated cell ablation tool, to selectively ablate KC pool under normal condition or concanavalin A (Con A)- induced hepatitis. At certain time points after KCs ablation, we performed flow cytometry to monitor the amount of hepatic infiltrating immune cells. mRNA array was used to detect the change of hepatic cytokines and chemokines levels. Cytokines and chemokines in the serum were further measured by LEGENDplex(TM) mouse proinflammatory chemokine panel and inflammation panel. Evans blue staining and transmission electron microscopy were used to investigate the interaction between KCs and LSECs in steady condition. CXCL10 neutralizing antibody and CXCL10 deficient mouse were used to study the role of CXCL10 in immune cell migration and pathogenesis of Con A-induced hepatitis. Results: At steady state, elimination of KCs results in a reduction of hepatic infiltrating monocytes, T, B, and NK cells and a list of cytokines and chemokines at transcriptional level. In the meantime, the depletion of KCs resulted in increased sinusoidal vascular permeability. In the pathological condition, the KCs elimination rescues Con A-induced acute hepatitis through suppressing proinflammatory immune responses by down-regulation of hepatitis-associated cytokines/chemokines in serum such as CXCL10, and recruitment of infiltrating immune cells (monocytes, T, B, and NK cells). We further documented that deficiency or blockade of CXCL10 attenuated the development of Con A-induced hepatitis associated with reduction of the infiltrating monocytes, especially inflammatory Ly6C(hi) monocytes. Conclusions: This study supports the notion that KCs actively interact with immune cells and LSECs for maintaining immune response and liver homeostasis. Our data indicate that the interplay between KCs and infiltrated monocytes via CXCL10 contribute to Con A-induced hepatitis.
Notes1838-7640 Dai, Shen Liu, Fengming Qin, Zhongnan Zhang, Jinyan Chen, Jiayi Ding, Wen-Xing Feng, Dechun Ji, Yong Qin, Xuebin Journal Article Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't Theranostics. 2020 Jun 1;10(16):7163-7177. doi: 10.7150/thno.44960. eCollection 2020.