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Persistent Barriers to Smoking Cessation Among Urban, Underserved Women: A Feasibility Study of Tailored Barriers Text Messages
Matern Child Health J. 2020 Jun 16;24(10) :1308-1317
PMID: 32557133    PMCID: PMC7483310    URL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/32557133
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OBJECTIVES: Despite health risks for themselves and their children, urban underserved women smoke at high rates postpartum. The postpartum period is a stressful transition time that presents unique barriers to sustained cessation. There is limited extant evidence of efficacious psychosocial programs to maintain postpartum smoking cessation. METHODS: Guided by the Cognitive-Social Health Information Processing model, we explored the feasibility of TxT2Commit, a text-messaging intervention designed to prevent postpartum smoking relapse. Participants (n = 43) received supportive cessation-focused text messages for one month postpartum. Using a convergent mixed method design, surveys and interviews assessed changes in psychosocial factors and smoking status through a three month follow-up. RESULTS: Participants reported satisfaction with TxT2Commit, rating text messages as helpful, understandable, supportive, and not bothersome. However, a majority of women (n = 28, 65.1%) relapsed by three months. Participants who stayed smoke free (i.e., non-relapsers) reported significantly less temptation to smoke at one and three months postpartum compared to relapsers (ps < .01). While relapsers had significantly less temptation at one month compared to baseline, temptation increased by three months (p < .01). Consistent with the quantitative results, qualitative interviews identified informational and coping needs, with continued temptation throughout the three months. Non-relapsers were able to manage temptation and reported greater support. CONCLUSIONS FOR PRACTICE: TxT2Commit demonstrates preliminary feasibility and acceptability among urban, underserved postpartum women. However, most participants relapsed by three months postpartum. Additional research is needed to identify targeted messaging to best help women avoid temptation and bolster support to stay smoke free in this uniquely stressful period.
1573-6628 Tagai, E K Miller, S M Belfiglio, A Xu, J Wen, K Y Hernandez, E RC1CA145063/CA/NCI NIH HHS/United States P30CA06927/CA/NCI NIH HHS/United States T32CA009035/CA/NCI NIH HHS/United States Journal Article United States Matern Child Health J. 2020 Jun 16. pii: 10.1007/s10995-020-02963-x. doi: 10.1007/s10995-020-02963-x.