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Addressing Disparities in Cancer Screening among U.S. Immigrants: Progress and Opportunities
Cancer Prev Res (Phila). 2020 Mar;13(3) :253-260
PMID: 32132119 PMCID: PMC7080302
AbstractThe United States is home to 47 million foreign-born individuals, which currently represents over 14% of the U.S. population. With greater length of U.S. residence, immigrants experience increased risk for chronic disease including selected cancers; yet, they are less likely to access preventive health care services and undergo cancer screening. As a result, there have been concerted efforts to address disparities in cancer screening in immigrant populations. This minireview describes current progress in promoting participation in cancer screening among U.S. immigrants and explores potential opportunities for improving impact. Of the 42 studies included in the review, the majority targeted Asian and Latino immigrant populations and included some form of culturally specific educational programming, often delivered in-person by community health workers and/or using a multimedia format. Twenty-eight of the 42 studies also offered navigation assistance to help overcome logistical and access barriers to care, and these studies yielded somewhat greater increases in screening. Yet, despite considerable effort over the past 20+ years, screening rates remain well below national goals. Opportunities to harness digital health tools to increase awareness and engagement, evaluating nonclinic-based screening paradigms to promote greater participation, and increasing efforts to address the needs of other immigrant subgroups are likely to have beneficial outcomes. Together, these strategies may help reduce inequities in access and uptake of cancer screening in U.S. immigrant populations.See all articles in this Special Collection Honoring Paul F. Engstrom, MD, Champion of Cancer Prevention.
Notes1940-6215 Fang, Carolyn Y ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0575-3867 Ragin, Camille C ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0816-4942 R01 MD012621/MD/NIMHD NIH HHS/United States U54 CA221705/CA/NCI NIH HHS/United States Journal Article Review United States Cancer Prev Res (Phila). 2020 Mar;13(3):253-260. doi: 10.1158/1940-6207.CAPR-19-0249.