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Characterizing MHC-I Genotype Predictive Power for Oncogenic Mutation Probability in Cancer Patients
Methods Mol Biol. 2020 ;2131 :185-198
PMID: 32162254 URL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/32162254
AbstractMHC class I proteins present intracellular peptides on the cell's surface, enabling the immune system to recognize tumor-specific neoantigens of early neoplastic cells and eliminate them before the tumor develops further. However, variability in peptide-MHC-I affinity results in variable presentation of oncogenic peptides, leading to variable likelihood of immune evasion across both individuals and mutations. Since the major determinant of peptide-MHC-I affinity in patients is individual MHC-I genotype, we developed a residue-centric presentation score taking both mutated residues and MHC-I genotype into account and hypothesized that high scores (which correspond to poor presentation) would correlate to high mutation frequencies within tumors. We applied our scoring system to 9176 tumor samples from TCGA across 1018 recurrent mutations and found that, indeed, presentation scores predicted mutation probability. These findings open the door to more personalized treatment plans based on simple genotyping. Here, we outline the computational tools and statistical methods used to arrive at this conclusion.
Notes1940-6029 Beauchemin, Lainie Slifker, Michael Rossell, David Font-Burgada, Joan Journal Article United States Methods Mol Biol. 2020;2131:185-198. doi: 10.1007/978-1-0716-0389-5_8.