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Jeneson JAL , Westerhoff HV , Brown TR , Vanechteld CJA , Berger R
Quasi-Linear Relationship between Gibbs Free-Energy of Atp Hydrolysis and Power Output in Human Forearm Muscle
American Journal of Physiology-Cell Physiology. 1995 Jun;37(6) :C1474-C1484
PMID: ISI:A1995RE36300023   
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The postulated strictly linear descriptions of the rate dependence of oxidative phosphorylation in skeletal muscle on the free energy of ATP hydrolysis (Delta G(P)) over the range of physiological steady states fail to harmonize with reported findings of identical basal respiration rates in mammalian muscles at different Delta G(P) values. The relevance of an extension of the strictly linear description to a description deriving from enzyme kinetics that predicts a sigmoidal dependence was investigated in human finger flexor muscle using P-31-nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy. At constant pH 7.0, the experimental variation of adenine nucleotide concentrations with power output, which reflects the rate of oxidative phosphorylation, was compared with predictions by various formulations of adenine nucleotide control of respiration. The quasi-linear sigmoidal description was found to be statistically equivalent but physiologically superior to the strictly Linear description. The predicted maximal oxidatively sustained steady-state power output and rate- dependent sensitivity of respiration to changes in Delta G(P) were in agreement both with theoretical considerations and with experimental observations in the present study and other studies of intact mammalian skeletal muscle.
Times Cited: 21 Article RE363 AMER J PHYSIOL-CELL PHYSIOL