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Jardines L , Fowble B , Schultz D , Mackie J , Buzby G , Torosian M , Daly J , Weiss M , Orel S , Rosato E
Factors Associated with a Positive Reexcision after Excisional Biopsy for Invasive Breast-Cancer
Surgery. 1995 Nov;118(5) :803-809
PMID: ISI:A1995TE79600002   
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Background. Breast-conserving therapy followed by adjuvant radiotherapy represents an alternative to mastectomy as a treatment for invasive breast cancer. When excisional biopsy has been performed outside the parent institution, reexcision is often performed, with tumor being identified in 32% to 62% of the subsequent specimens. We analyzed not only the factors associated with a positive reexcision but also those factors associated with final surgical margins that are positive for tumor. Methods. Between 1978 and 1998, 956 female patients with American Joint Committee on Cancer clinical stage I or II breast cancer were treated with breast-conserving therapy where a total of 420 patients underwent reexcision after an initial excisional biopsy. Several factors were analyzed to determine their association with a positive reexcision, the status of the final surgical margin, and the nature of the disease present within the reexcision specimen. Results. Factors that correlated with a positive reexcision in both univariate and multivariate analysis were clinical tumor size, method of detection, the pathologic status of the axillary lymph nodes, and the histologic appearance. Those factors associated with finding invasive disease at the time of reexcision were clinical tumor size, clinical presentation, and nodal status. The single factor associated with finding residual in situ disease at the time of reexcision was histologic appearance of the primary tumor. A final positive margin was associated with method of tumor detection, age of the patient, and the presence of axillary lymph node metastases. The most significant factors associated with a positive reexcision are clinical tumor size, method of tumor detection, pathologic nodal status, and histologic appearance. Patients with larger tumors or those that are detected by physical examination, as well as invasive lobular carcinomas, may require a more generous initial resection to achieve negative surgical margins and avoid the likelihood of reexcision.
Times Cited: 7 Article TE796 SURGERY