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Gockley A , Melamed A , Cronin A , Bookman MA , Burger RA , Cristae MC , Griggs JJ , Mantia-Smaldone G , Matulonis UA , Meyer LA , Niland J , O'Malley DM , Wright AA
Outcomes of secondary cytoreductive surgery for patients with platinum-sensitive recurrent ovarian cancer
Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2019 Dec;221(6) :625.e1-625.e14
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BACKGROUND: Most women with advanced epithelial ovarian cancer develop recurrent disease, despite maximal surgical cytoreduction and adjuvant platinum-based chemotherapy. In observational studies, secondary cytoreductive surgery has been associated with improved survival; however its use is controversial, because there are concerns that the improved outcomes may reflect selection bias rather than the superiority of secondary surgery. OBJECTIVE: To compare the overall survival of women with platinum-sensitive recurrent ovarian cancer treated at National Cancer Institute-designated cancer centers who receive secondary surgery vs chemotherapy. STUDY DESIGN: This retrospective cohort study included women from 6 National Cancer Institute-designated cancer centers diagnosed with platinum-sensitive recurrent ovarian cancer between January 1, 2004, and December 31, 2011. The primary outcome was overall survival. Propensity score matching was used to compare similar women who received secondary surgery vs chemotherapy. Additional analyses examined how these findings may be influenced by the prevalence of unobserved confounders at the time of recurrence. RESULTS: Among 626 women, 146 (23%) received secondary surgery and 480 (77%) received chemotherapy. In adjusted analyses, patients who received secondary surgery were younger (P = 0.001), had earlier-stage disease at diagnosis (P = 0.002), and had longer disease-free intervals (P < 0.001) compared with those receiving chemotherapy. In the propensity score-matched groups (n = 244 patients), the median overall survival was 54 months in patients who received secondary surgery and 33 months in those treated with chemotherapy (P < 0.001). Among patients who received secondary surgery, 102 (70%) achieved optimal secondary cytoreduction. There were no significant differences in complication rates between the 2 groups. In sensitivity analyses, the survival advantage associated with secondary surgery could be explained by the presence of more multifocal recurrences (if 4.3 times more common), ascites (if 2.7 times more common), or carcinomatosis (if 2.1 times more common) among patients who received chemotherapy instead of secondary surgery. CONCLUSION: Patients with platinum-sensitive recurrent ovarian cancer who received secondary surgery had favorable surgical characteristics and were likely to have minimal residual disease following secondary surgery. These patients had a superior median overall survival compared with patients who received chemotherapy, although unmeasured confounders may explain this observed difference.
1097-6868 Gockley, Allison Melamed, Alexander Cronin, Angel Bookman, Michael A Burger, Robert A Cristae, Mihaela C Griggs, Jennifer J Mantia-Smaldone, Gina Matulonis, Ursula A Meyer, Larissa A Niland, Joyce O'Malley, David M Wright, Alexi A K07 CA201013/CA/NCI NIH HHS/United States Journal Article United States Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2019 Dec;221(6):625.e1-625.e14. doi: 10.1016/j.ajog.2019.06.009. Epub 2019 Jun 14.