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Hall KW , Sirk TW , Percec S , Klein ML , Shinoda W
Divining the shape of nascent polymer crystal nuclei
J Chem Phys. 2019 Oct 14;151(14) :144901
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Abstract
We demonstrate that nascent polymer crystals (i.e., nuclei) are anisotropic entities with neither spherical nor cylindrical geometry, in contrast to previous assumptions. In fact, cylindrical, spherical, and other high symmetry geometries are thermodynamically unfavorable. Moreover, postcritical transitions are necessary to achieve the lamellae that ultimately arise during the crystallization of semicrystalline polymers. We also highlight how inaccurate treatments of polymer nucleation can lead to substantial errors (e.g., orders of magnitude discrepancies in predicted nucleation rates). These insights are based on quantitative analysis of over four million crystal clusters from the crystallization of prototypical entangled polyethylene melts. New comprehensive bottom-up models are needed to capture polymer nucleation.
Notes
1089-7690 Hall, Kyle Wm Orcid: 0000000316117812 Sirk, Timothy W Orcid: 0000000211054931 Percec, Simona Klein, Michael L Shinoda, Wataru Orcid: 0000000233889227 Journal Article United States J Chem Phys. 2019 Oct 14;151(14):144901. doi: 10.1063/1.5123983.