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Gallo JM , Brennan J , Hamilton TC , Halbherr T , Laub PB , Ozols RF , Odwyer PJ
Time-Dependent Pharmacodynamic Models in Cancer-Chemotherapy - Population Pharmacodynamic Model for Glutathione Depletion Following Modulation by Buthionine Sulfoximine (Bso) in a Phase-I Trial of Melphalan and Bso
Cancer Research. 1995 Oct 15;55(20) :4507-4511
PMID: ISI:A1995RZ06900003   
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The development of time-dependent pharmacodynamic models in cancer chemotherapy has been extremely limited, A population approach was used to develop such a model to describe the effect of buthionine sulfoximine (BSO), via its active S-isomer (S-BSO), on glutathione (GSH) depletion in peripheral mononuclear cells. The Phase I trial utilized escalating doses of BSO, from 5 to 17 gm/m(2), as a multiple infusion regimen, The population model consisted of a linear 2-compartment pharmacokinetic model coupled to an indirect response model, The indirect response model consisted of a GSH compartment with input and output rate processes that are modulated as a function of S-BSO and GSH concentrations, The model predicted the observed gradual depletion of GSH, a nadir at approximately 30 h after the last dose of BSO, and a return to baseline GSH levels, On the basis of an IC50 estimate of about 1.6 mu M for inhibition of gamma-glutamylcysteine synthetase, the target enzyme of BSO, the population model predicted near identical GSH concentration time profiles over the dose range studied. Time-dependent pharmacodynamic models are seen as a powerful means to design dosing regimens and to provide a mathematical platform for mechanistic based models.
Times Cited: 16 Note RZ069 CANCER RES