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Soomro I , Hong A , Li Z , Duncan JS , Skolnik EY
Discoidin Domain Receptor 1 (DDR1) tyrosine kinase is upregulated in PKD kidneys but does not play a role in the pathogenesis of polycystic kidney disease
PLoS One. 2019 ;14(7) :e0211670
PMID: 31260458    PMCID: PMC6602183   
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Abstract
Tolvaptan is the only drug approved to slow cyst growth and preserve kidney function in patients with autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD). However, its limited efficacy combined with significant side effects underscores the need to identify new and safe therapeutic drug targets to slow progression to end stage kidney disease. We identified Discoidin Domain Receptor 1 (DDR1) as receptor tyrosine kinase upregulated in vivo in 3 mouse models of ADPKD using a novel mass spectrometry approach to identify kinases upregulated in ADPKD. Previous studies demonstrating critical roles for DDR1 to cancer progression, its potential role in the pathogenesis of a variety of other kidney disease, along with the possibility that DDR1 could provide new insight into how extracellular matrix impacts cyst growth led us to study the role of DDR1 in ADPKD pathogenesis. However, genetic deletion of DDR1 using CRISPR/Cas9 failed to slow cyst growth or preserve kidney function in both a rapid and slow mouse model of ADPKD demonstrating that DDR1 does not play a role in PKD pathogenesis and is thus a not viable drug target. In spite of the negative results, our studies will be of interest to the nephrology community as it will prevent others from potentially conducting similar experiments on DDR1 and reinforces the potential of performing unbiased screens coupled with in vivo gene editing using CRISPR/Cas9 to rapidly identify and confirm new potential drug targets for ADPKD.
Notes
1932-6203 Soomro, Irfana Hong, Aram Li, Zhai Duncan, James S Skolnik, Edward Y ORCID: http://orcid.org/0000-0003-4375-8279 Journal Article United States PLoS One. 2019 Jul 1;14(7):e0211670. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0211670. eCollection 2019.